How to crack General Knowledge Paper for CDS II 2021

How to crack General Knowledge Paper for CDS II 2021




CDS Exam Strategy: Combined Defence Services Examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission twice a year for the recruitment of officers in the Indian Armed Forces. CDS Written Exam consists of three papers i.e General Knowledge, Mathematics, and English. Out of all these papers, most of the candidates find it difficult to crack the General Knowledge Paper. We have approximately 2 months in our hands to prepare for CDS. So, in this article, we will share with you the best strategy to prepare for the General Knowledge section in order to clear the CDS exam.

CDS Exam Strategy


CDS Exam Pattern: General Awareness Section

General Awareness Section is there in all the categories i.e Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy, and Officers’ Training Academy. So, students, you cannot skip this section at any cost. In fact, you have to focus the most on this section as working hard on this section can fetch you good marks. This section can help you clear your cut-off in the overall CDS Written examination.


SubjectDurationMaximum Marks
English2 Hours100
General Knowledge2 Hours100
Mathematics2 Hours100
SSB Test/Interview5 Days300


As you all know General Knowledge paper consists of 120 questions of 100 marks. It includes topics from Polity, Geography, History, Economics, General Science including Physics, Chemistry and Biology, and the most important Current Affairs. It is not easy to crack the CDS Examination but with a systematic approach, one can definitely clear this with flying colors. DefenceAdda will help you clear the exam in your first attempt. We have curated a detailed strategy for each topic in the General Knowledge Section with the help of our experts.

General Awareness Detailed Strategy


First of all, let’s see the detailed syllabus of the General Awareness section. The syllabus of the General Awareness Section is very vast so it is very much important to divide each topic separately and prepare accordingly. This will help you give the idea of what you need to prepare and in how much depth you need to prepare for each topic.

  • Economics
  • Polity
  • History
  • Geography
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Current Events
  • Defence Knowledge

Aspirants, you should know that there is a sectional cut-off in the CDS Written Examination. You need to clear each section cut-off and the overall cut-off in order to get a call letter for SSB Interview.

Every individual has his/her own strong and weak areas. First of all, know your strong and weak areas. You can get to know about this by giving daily quizzes on the Adda247 app. This will help you know the topics in which you are strong and the ones in which you need to work hard. Topics in which you have good command, you can’t afford to lose marks in those topics. So, prepare them thoroughly to avoid any silly mistakes. We have curated a 75 days CDS Study Plan which includes daily quizzes that will help you improvise your score in your weak areas. Always remember that Practice makes a man perfect. Follow the study plan and you will definitely be able to clear the CDS Written Examination with full confidence.

Now, let’s discuss the Topic Wise Strategy of General Awareness section.

How to Prepare History for CDS 2021


History is a very vast subject. It basically has three parts i.e Ancient History, Medieval History, and Modern History. The difficulty level of questions from this topic is moderate to difficult. To prepare for this part you have to do a thorough study. Questions are fact-based also so you need to learn the facts as well.

Ancient History: Questions from Harappa, Rig Veda, Books, and authors Maurya Empire, Gupta Dynasty, etc. which can be covered with Mock test papers other reference books.

Medieval History: Questions would be asked from the Delhi Sultanate and other Muslim rulers who ruled India and established various monuments.

Modern History: Revolt of 1857, Indian Freedom struggle, Colonial rule in India, Governor Generals of India, Various Movements of Indian Freedom Struggle, etc. Questions would be asked from these topics.


First of all, thoroughly read the NCERT History books from class 6th to class 10th. This will give you a basic idea and will help you develop the base. You can also use a reference book i.e. Arihant Pathfinder or Spectrum by Rajiv Ahir for more deep knowledge. Do revise them regularly, otherwise, it will be of no use. After you completed your basic preparation, start solving Previous Year Question Papers. Do not wait for the complete syllabus to get finished. Start solving the PYQs as and when you have finished a particular topic. This will give you an idea about the type of questions being asked in the real examination. Analyze the paper thoroughly, check your weak areas and work on them.

How to Prepare Geography for CDS 2


The geography syllabus is comparatively fact-based and needs more revision time than others. It includes topics from Physical Geography, Indian Geography, and Environment and Biodiversity. Geography is a subject that needs thorough revision. You need to learn the maps because questions are framed from the places which are in news. To prepare for this part Arihant PathFinder is the best book, you can also refer to class 8th to 10th geography books.

Physical Geography: It includes the universe, earth, atmosphere, weather, climate, landforms, oceans, etc.

Indian Geography: Topics related to India geography, Industry, Climate, Rivers, Thermal Power Plants, soil, crops, sanctuaries, etc.

Environment & Biodiversity: Questions from an ecosystem, greenhouse effect, Different protocols on climate change, Hotspots, etc would be asked.
How to prepare for CDS Polity Section.

How to Prepare Indian Polity for CDS 2


Indian Polity plays a major role in the general knowledge section as it has around 10-15 questions. Questions in the CDS Exam come from:

  • Indian Constitution
  • Articles
  • Parts of the Constitution
  • Fundamental Rights
  • DPSPs
  • Union and its Territories
  • Parliament and its Houses
  • Schedules of the Constitution
  • Different Amendments etc.

You should prepare these topics thoroughly and you will definitely score good marks in this section. The best book to prepare these topics is Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth. This is the one-stop solution for all your Polity questions.

How to Prepare Economics for CDS 2

Economics is a subject that is very diverse. Everyday facts and figures change. So you need to be updated one day before the exam about all the important changes and the statistical data related to the Indian Economy. Questions asked from this part generally lies between moderate to difficult level. The Economics section is from moderate to difficult level. You should prepare from the recent happenings, economic survey, reforms, appointments, and awards given in this sector, Agricultural revolution, miniratnas, maharatnas, etc. Arihant Pathfinder or Economics given in the Manohar Pandey is enough. Do solve the Previous Year Papers to get an idea about the type of questions being asked.

How to Prepare General Science for CDS 2

General Science is comparatively easier and the difficulty level of questions is easy to moderate in the examination. It includes

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology

NCERT Books of class 9th and 10th will suffice for this section. You can solve daily quizzes on the Adda247 app which is more than enough for this section.

How to Prepare for Current Affairs for CDS 2

Current Affairs is the most important section in the paper as a good amount of questions come from this topic. You should at least prepare the last six months of the Current Affairs from any one source. Adda247 releases the monthly magazine which is a good reference to prepare for Current Affairs. Do read the newspaper regularly and keep yourself updating with the current events happening in and around the world. We will also be releasing the GA Capsule for CDS very soon for your overall preparation of the General Awareness section.

Now, you have learned a detailed topic-wise strategy for CDS II 2021. Do follow it regularly and you will clear the CDS II 20201 Examination with flying colors.


Note: You should also do Physical Exercise every day to keep your mind and body active and alert. Practice meditation every day for 5-10 min to increase your concentration and grasping power.

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Good luck with the upcoming CDS 2 2021 exam

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