Esprit de Corps: Know about the The Kumaon Regiment of Indian Army

Esprit de Corps: Know about the The Kumaon Regiment of Indian Army


Esprit de Corps: Know about the The Kumaon Regiment of Indian Army: 
As a defence aspirant you must be well aware about the regiments of Indian Army. So, In this article we have provided you the details of one of the elite regiment of Indian Army, "The Kumaon Regiment".

The Kumaon Regiment is the highest decorated regiments of the Indian Army. The regiment traces its origins to the 18th century and has fought in every major campaign of the British Indian Army and the Indian Army, including the two world wars. 

Established: 1813

Motto: Parakramo Vijayate (Valour Triumphs)

War Cries:
  • Kalika Mata Ki Jai (Victory to the Great Goddess Kali)
  • Bajrang Bali Ki Jai (Victory to Lord Hanuman)
  • Dada Krishan Ki Jai (Victory to Dada Krishan)
Regimental Centre: Ranikhet, Uttarakhand

Type: Line Infantry

  • 2 PVC (Param Vir Chakra)
  • 10 MVC (Maha Vir Chakra)
  • 78 VrC (Vir Chakra)
  • 2 UYSM (Uttam Yudh Seva Medal)
  • 1 YSM (Yudh Seva Medal)
  • 4 AC (Ashoka Chakra)
  • 6 KC (Kirti Chakra)
  • 23 SC (Shaurya Chakra)
  • 8 PVSM (Param Vishisht Seva Medals)
  • 24 AVSM (Ati Vishisht Seva Medals)
  • 36 VSM (Vishisht Seva Medals)
  • 127 SM (Sena Medal)
  • 2 Padma Bhushan Award
Battle Honours (Post Independence):
  • Badgam
  • RezangLa
  • Gadra City
  • Bhaduria
  • Daudkandi
  • Sanjoi Mirpur
  • Shamsher Nagar
  • OP Meghdoot
  • OP Pawan

Notable Alumni

General S.M. Shrinagesh (2nd Chief of Army Staff) 

General K.S. Thimayya, Padma Bhushan DSO, ADC (3rd Chief of Army Staff)

General T.N. Raina, Padma Bhushan, MVC, SM, DSO (9th Chief of Army Staff)

Major Somnath Sharma, PVC (1st to be awarded the PVC)

Major Shaitan Singh, PVC

Subedar Sujjan Singh, AC

    Alias: Creed of The Man Eaters

    Insignia: A demi-rampant Lion holding a Cross. The demi-rampant lion is part of the Coat of Arms of the Russel family, whose ancestor had started the body of troops now formed into the Kumaon Regiment.

    Regimental Colours: Green and Gold.

    Other Raisings:
    • 3rd Battalion the Parachute Regiment (Special Forces) was raised from 1st Battalion the Kumaon Regiment.
    • 5th Battalion the Mechanized Infantry Regiment was raised from 14th Battalion the Kumaon Regiment.
    • 10th Battalion the Kumaon Regiment is the Kumaon Regimental Centre.

    Engagements in Wars

    World War I

    During World War I, the first all Kumaoni battalions were raised. The first was formed in 1917 as the 19th Kumaon and redesignated in 1918 as the 1st Battalion, 50th Kumaon Rifles when it fought in the Battle of Megiddo (1918). A 2nd Battalion was also raised in 1918 but disbanded in 1923.

    World War II

    The 19th Hyderabad Regiment in 1939 consisted of four regular battalions; the 1st (Russell's), 2nd (Berar), 4th and The Kumaon Rifles. The Hyderabads expanded during the war adding another eight battalions to the 19th Hyderabad Regiment. Two more battalions, the 1st and 2nd Hyderabad Infantry, were raised as part of the Indian State Forces. The battalions of the 19th Hyderabad Regiment fought in the Middle East, North African Campaign, Persia, Battle of Malaya, Battle of Singapore and Burma Campaign.

    Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48

    1 Kumaon(airborne) and 4 Kumaon was dispatched to Jammu and Kashmir to participate in the defence of Srinigar. 4 Kumaon elements were decisive in the Battle of Badgam. The valor of kumaonis saved kashmir from pakistani intruders, in recognition of the gallant action in kashmir, 1st and 4th kumaon were hailed as the saviors of kashmir and bestowed with the battle honor "Srinagar(badgam)".

    Sino-Indian War of 1962

    On 21 October 1962, the Chinese attacked the Dhola sector in Arunachal Pradesh’s Kameng Division at a post at Kibithu (40 km away from Walong). The battle started by Chinese machine guns and mortars fire from south of Sama, followed by infantry attacks on two platoons with over 300 soldiers. “23 October marks a landmark win against the 153 Regt of PLA (Chengdu Sub area) when Delta Company of 6 Kumaon under Lt Bikram Singh Rathore (IC 11867) was ordered to establish screen position on Ashi Hill (NH 5484).

    Indo-Pakistan War of 1965

    Two Kumaoni Battalions continued to operate against the guerrillas. It was a significant achievement as a regular infantry battalion's Kumaoni troops ousted re-enforced enemy positions at significant heights occupied by better equip enemy special forces unit. Another Kumaon Battalion captured `Maharajke' in West Pakistan with a fierce attack during the night of 6 and 7 September 1965.

    Operation Meghdoot

    The Indian Army's initiative to hold the Siachen Glacier consisted of units of the Kumaon Regiment and the Ladakh Scouts. It was led by Maj. R.S. Sandhu, who was awarded the Vir Chakra for his leadership. Capt. Sanjay Kulkarni's unit was the first to land on Bilafond La and hoist the Indian tricolour. Kumaon units were instrumental in Indian success in capturing the glacier and repelling Pakistani attempts to retake it.

    Operation Pawan

    Kumaon units were deployed to Sri Lanka during Operation Pawan. A Kumaon battalion was the first Indian Army unit to land in Jaffna at the Palali airfield. It successfully cleared the Kokuvil area, and moving to Mallakam. A number of LTTE militants were killed or captured.

    Kargil War

    Kumaon units were deployed during Operation Vijay to oust Pakistan Army regulars who had infiltrated the Kargil sector in Ladakh posing as insurgents. In difficult terrain and hostile weather conditions, they cleared and captured a number of altitude features. The regiment was honored with a number of gallantry awards for the operations.


    No comments