Operation Diaries | Indian Armed Forces: Part 1

Operation Diaries | Indian Armed Forces: Part 1

Indian Armed Forces have always contributed towards peace and regional stability. With a strength of  more than 1.4 million active personnel and 2.1 million reserve personnel, Indian Defence is one of the strongest in the world. In this article , we will provide you an insight of the various operations conducted by Indian Army. Indian Army has conducted many operations , both in the country as well as in the foreign soil that too successfully with full josh. Indian Army is also a volunteer in United Nation Peace Keeping Forces (UNPKF). So far India has taken part in more than 43 Peacekeeping missions with a total contribution exceeding 180,000 troops.


high in the Himalayas of Kashmir and Ladakh, 205 kms of east of Kashmir and 234 kms to the west of Leh is a small town "Kargil". In 1999, this place became the centre of much international intrigue and war between Indian and Pakistan. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers disguised as Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states. During the initial stages of the war, Pakistan blamed the fighting entirely on independent Kashmiri insurgents, but documents left behind by casualties and later statements by Pakistan's Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff showed the involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces, led by General Ashraf Rashid. The conflict started on 3rd may 1999 when Pakistani intrusion in Kargil was reported by local shepherds followed by the capture and tortured death of five Indian soldiers on 5th May. Then, the retaliation from Indian Army took place in no time and the war began with the launch of air strikes from IAF's end. Troops were moved, camps were set and irrespective of the gruelling weather conditions, highly motivated soldiers under the next level of leadership of their leaders charged upon the enemy. Indian Army launched three-pronged attack in Kargil. Indian Army captured two vital posts: Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill after an 11-hour battle. Later India recaptured Jubar Heights in Batalik. Finally, Pakistan began pullout after India captured key peaks in Batalik. Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared Operation Vijay a success. On 26th of July, Kargil conflict officially came to an end and Indian Army announced complete eviction of Pakistani intruders. Around 250000 shells bombs and rockets were fired across the LOC to bring Pakistan into its senses. 


The role played by the Indian army in the context of counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism (CI/CT) is indeed extremely challenging and complex. Important elements of CI/CT operations, in recent times, are the initiatives that focus on building goodwill in the local community. Operation Sadbhavana, also referred to as Operation Goodwill has been launched in Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian Army under their Military Civic Action programmes, which are aimed at "Winning the Hearts and Minds" (WHAM) of the people in the region. Sadbhavna literally means 'harmony', therefore the operation can also be interpreted as Operation Harmony. The motto of the operation is "Jawan aur Awam, Aman Hai Muqaam”. Operation Sadbhavana was officially launched in 1998, especially in rural areas near the Line of Control (LOC) where insurgency and militancy had caused destruction to property and a sense of alienation among the people of Jammu and Kashmir from the rest of India. Various initiatives have been taken under this operation which includes Schools, Women Empowerment Centres, Model villages, Educational tours, Health Care and Sports. 


The roots of Operation Blue Star can be traced from the Khalistan Movement. The Khalistan Movement was a political Sikh nationalist movement that wanted to create an independent state for Sikh people, inside the current North-Western Republic of India. Operation Blue Star was an Indian military operation carried out between 1 and 8 June 1984, ordered by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to remove militant religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab. The operation had two components — Operation Metal, confined to the Harmandir Sahib complex, and Operation Shop, which raided the Punjabi countryside to capture other suspects. Following it, Operation Woodrose was launched in the Punjab countryside against the baptized Sikhs. The operation was carried out by Indian Army troops. Casualty figures for the Army were 83 dead and 249 injured. According to the official estimate presented by the Indian government, 1592 were apprehended and there were 493 combined militant and civilian casualties. High civilian casualties were attributed to militants using pilgrims trapped inside the temple as human shields. The soldiers and generals involved in the Operation were presented with gallantry awards, honours, decoration strips and promotions by the Indian president Zail Singh, a Sikh, in a ceremony conducted on 10 July 1985. 


After the unrest in 2016 due to the death of Burhan Wani and subsequent militant and terrorist attacks in the region such as the Amarnath Yatra terror attack on 10 July 2017 in which eight Hindu pilgrims were killed and at least 18 others injured. The country's top security establishment has prepared a blueprint to deliver a lethal blow to terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir with a longterm plan for a lasting peace in the trouble-torn Valley with the consent of Ministry for Home Affairs Government of India. Operation All Out (OAO) is a joint offensive launched by Indian security forces in 2017 to flush out militants and terrorists in Kashmir until there is complete peace in the state. It was launched against numerous militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Hizbul Mujahideen and Al-Badr. As many as 258 militants from a clutch of outfits have been shortlisted for Operation All-Out that has been launched strategically in parts of the Kashmir region. Both Army chief Bipin Rawat and Jammu and Kashmir DGP SP Vaid have said that the operations against militants would be intensified in the days to come. Rawat said that the anti-terror operations are already in "full swing".

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