Expected Questions for CDS 1 2020


Expected Questions for CDS 1 2020




Expected Questions for CDS 1 2020: Every year Union Public Service Commission conducts "Combined Defence Services" (CDS) Examination twice a year for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. The Notification for the examination is usually released in the months of October/November and June/July, and the examination is conducted in February and November respectively. CDS 1 2020 will held on 2 February 2020 and notification for the same has been published on the official website of the commission. Only unmarried graduates are eligible to sit for the exam. Successful candidates are admitted into the respective Academies after an interview conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB). To clear the examination, you need is the complete information of the pattern, syllabus and previous year exam analysis so that it would become easy for you to analyse the examination and to prepare a strategy further. Here, we have provided you the Expected Questions for CDS 1 2020


Q.1) Consider the following statements

1. IMF leads the list with the highest possession of total gold reserves.

2. India ranks 10th in the same list.

3. World Gold Council, an IMF organization releases this list.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 2 only

D. 1 and 3 only

Ans: (c) 2 only

Explanation: According to the latest release by the World Gold Council, the U.S. leads the country list with total gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes followed by Germany with 3,366.8 tonnes.

IMF is ranked third, it is followed by countries such as Italy, France, Russia, China, Switzerland and Japan before India at the 10th spot.


Q.2) With reference to Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council (CROPC), consider the following statements

1. It is an international organization deals with climate forecasting.

2. It engages towards fruitful customization of weather and climate-related inputs for its lateral use in various fields like agriculture, industries, defence, aviation, tourism, water management etc. complementing IMD.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (b) 2 only

Explantion: Climate Resilient Observing-Systems Promotion Council –abbreviated as CROPC has been formed as Nonprofit organization under section 8 of Company Act 2013 to act as an interface between Central Early warning agencies , line departments, state, Community, NGOs and other stakeholders .

CROPC will also serve as a platform for various professionals and experts to achieve precision in Weather warning services and climate change by analysis of gaps in Early warning , coordinated processing of inputs into an impact based community-centric Early warning and create effective public notification system to outreach the EW to last-mile on time under a regulatory and orderly framework of official forecasting agencies / Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).

It has been prepared by the Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council (CROPC), a non-profit organisation that works closely with the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

 Q. 3) Centralised Technology Vertical (CTV), recently seen in the news is related to:

A. Chandrayaan Mission

B. Solar rooftop installation

C. Real-time information sharing with investigators across the country.

D. Automatic braking system in motor vehicles.

Ans: (c) Real-time information sharing with investigators across the country.

Explanation: It facilitates real-time information sharing with investigators across the country.

India has the second-largest users of Internet in the world.

And there is rise in “cyber manipulators” across the country. They are posing risk to the country by circulating fake videos on social media. This needs to be addressed.

Q.4) Consider the following statements with regard to G7 bloc?

1. It is grouping which the members are only from Eueropean Union.

2. The decisions taken in G7 are not legally binding on its members.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (b) 2 only

Explanation: The G7, originally G8, was set up in 1975 as an informal forum bringing together the leaders of the world’s leading industrial nations.

G7 is capable of setting the global agenda because decisions taken by these major economic powers have a real impact. Thus, decisions taken at the G7 are not legally binding, but exert strong political influence.

Why this question is important? he 45th Annual G7 Summit is being held in the French town of Biarritz. It will focus on fighting inequality.


Q.5) With reference to Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NREP), consider the following statements

1. It plans to offer tax benefits on recycled materials.

2. It aims to provide green loans to small and medium Enterprises (SMEs) and soft loans to construct waste disposal facilities.

3. It also pitches for moving towards ‘zero landfill’ approach in the country.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. 1, 2 and 3

Ans: (d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:  It plans to offer tax benefits on recycled materials, green loans to small and medium Enterprises (SMEs) and soft loans to construct waste disposal facilities, apart from setting up Material Recovery Facilities (MRF).

It also pitches for moving towards ‘zero landfill’ approach in the country, hinting at the possibility of imposing ‘landfill taxes’ and ‘high tipping fees’ for bulk generators of waste so that they can move towards optimal use of materials and better waste management.


Q.6) With regard to smooth-coated otters, consider the following statements

1. It occurs in areas where fresh water is plentiful.

2. IUCN Status of it is Vulnerable.

3. It is not found in India.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. 1, 2 and 3

Ans: (a) 1 and 2 only

Explanation: It occurs in areas where fresh water is plentiful — wetlands and seasonal swamps, rivers, lakes, and rice paddies.

The smooth-coated otter has been recorded in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southwest China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesian islands of Borneo, Sumatra and Java, and Brunei. An isolated population is also found in the marshes of Iraq.

Q.7) With regard to Gravitational Lensing, consider the following statements

1. It is an effect of Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

2. Lensing has also been used to help verify the existence of dark matter.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation: Gravitational lensing is an effect of Einstein’s theory of general relativity – simply put, mass bends light.

The gravitational field of a massive object will extend far into space, and cause light rays passing close to that object (and thus through its gravitational field) to be bent and refocused somewhere else.

Gravitational lensing is useful to cosmologists because it is directly sensitive to the amount and distribution of dark matter.

Lensing can help astronomers work out exactly how much dark matter there is in the Universe as a whole and also how it is distributed.

Lensing has also been used to help verify the existence of dark matter itself.

Why this question is important? Using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope as a sort of time machine, researchers plan to investigate how new stars are born, with the help of a natural phenomenon called “gravitational lensing”.


Q.8) With regard to Lunar Crater, Consider the following statements

1. It is a bowl shaped landforms created by volcanism in moon.

2. ‘Mitra’ is the name of recently spotted crater by Chandrayaan-2.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation: Moon craters are bowl-shaped landforms created by two processes: volcanism and cratering. There are hundreds of thousands of moon craters ranging from less than a mile across to giant basins called mare, which were once thought to be seas.

The largest crater on the Moon is called South Pole-Aitkin Basin.


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