UPSC CDS 1 2020 Most Expected Questions: Check Here

Most Expected Questions for UPSC CDS 1 2020

UPSC CDS 1 2020 Most Expected Questions The "Combined Defence Services" (CDS) Examination is conducted twice a year by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. The Notification for the examination is usually released in the months of October/November and June/July, and the examinations are conducted in February and November respectively. CDS 1 2020 will held on 2 February 2020. Only unmarried graduates are eligible to sit for the exam. Successful candidates are admitted into the respective Academies after an interview conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB). To clear the examination, first, you need is the complete information of the pattern, syllabus and previous year exam analysis so that it would become easy for you to analyse the examination and to prepare a strategy further. Here, we have provided you the UPSC CDS 1 2020 Most Expected Questions.




1) Recently there has been criticism against the Transgender Rights Bill, Which among the following is/are possible reasons for that?


The Bill is silent on granting reservations to transgender persons.

The bill has prescribed punishments for organised begging.

The Bill does not mention any punishments for rape or sexual assault of transgender persons.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

1 and 2 only

2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

Ans: (d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: The following are the major criticism against the transgender bill

The Bill is silent on granting reservations to transgender persons.

The bill has prescribed punishments for organised begging. However, the Bill doesn’t provide anything to better condition in those areas, it doesn’t provide for reservation.

The Bill does not mention any punishments for rape or sexual assault of transgender persons as according to Sections 375 and 376 of the Indian Penal Code, rape is only when a man forcefully enters a woman.

The legislation has been criticised by the transgender community for replacing district screening committees with bureaucratic impediments.

They have also highlighted that the provisions against discrimination have no enforceability.

Why this question is important? Transgender community is among one of the most marginalized communities in the country because they don’t fit into the stereotypical categories of gender of ‘men’ or ‘women’.

Consequently, they face problems ranging from social exclusion to discrimination, lack of education facilities, unemployment, lack of medical facilities and so on. The Bill shall empower the transgender community socially, educationally and economically.

2) On the aftermath of which among the following event, India first adopted ‘No first use’ policy?

Pokhran 1 nuclear test 1974

Pokhran 2 nuclear test 1998

Rajiv Gandhi Assassination 1991

Indo Pak War 1971

Ans: (b) Pokhran 2 nuclear test 1998

Explanation: India first adopted a “No first use” policy after its second nuclear tests, Pokhran-II, in 1998. In August 1999, the Indian government released a draft of the doctrine which asserts that nuclear weapons are solely for deterrence and that India will pursue a policy of “retaliation only”.

Why this question is important? The Defence Minister of India Rajnath Singh has given major hints about a possible review of the policy of ‘no first use‘ of nuclear weapons and said it will depend on circumstances in future.

3) Which among the following is/are true regarding ‘BASIC countries’ grouping?

It is formed as the result of an agreement signed by the four countries on 2009.

It is formed to counter the BRICS countries grouping.

It is is one of several groups of nations working together to fight climate change and carry out negotiations within the UNFCCC.



Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


1 and 2 only

2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

Ans: (c) 1 and 3 only

Explanation: The signatory nations have a broadly common position on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds that are needed to fight climate change.

The BASIC countries constituted one of the parties in the Copenhagen Accord reached with the US-led grouping; the Accord, was, however, not legally binding.

BASIC is one of several groups of nations working together to fight climate change and carry out negotiations within the UNFCCC.


4) With reference to the UN Resident Coordinator System, consider the following statements

It encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with operational activities for development.

Resident Coordinators are funded and managed by UNDP.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation: The Resident Coordinator (RC) system encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with operational activities for development, regardless of their formal presence in the country. The RC system aims to bring together the different UN agencies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities at the country level.

Resident Coordinators, who are funded and managed by UNDP, lead UN country teams in more than 130 countries and are the designated representatives of the Secretary-General for development operations.

Why this question is important? India has contributed $1 million to the UN Special Purpose Trust Fund for the Resident Coordinator System.

5) With reference to ‘Navroz festival’, consider the following statements

It is a Parsi New Year festival.

In India Zoroastrian calendar calendar is followed to decide the date of the festival.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (a) 1 only

Explanation:: It is a Parsi New Year festival celebrated to mark the beginning of the new Iranian calendar.

While the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle Easterners celebrate the festival on March 21, the first day of the Zoroastrian calendar, in India there is another version of the festival that is followed according to the Shahanshahi calendar and falls during the later months of the year. The dates change every year since the calendar doesn’t account for leap years.

Why this question is important? Navroz is also known as Jamshed-i-Navroz after the Persian King, Jamshed, who is credited to have created the Persian Calendar known as the Shahenshahi Calendar.

The time of the festival is decided in Iran and then it is passed on to the entire Zoroastrian population in the world.

6) With reference to Aadi Mahotsav, recently seen in the news, consider the following statements

It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs & Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED).

It will comprise of display and sale of items of tribal art and craft, tribal medicine & healers, tribal cuisine and display of tribal folk performance, etc.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (C) Both 1 and 2

Explanation: It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India & Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED).

The theme of the festival is : “A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce”. TRIFED essentially is to play the role of a ‘Service provider’ & ‘Market Developer.’

7) ‘Boko Haram’ is an insurgent group often seen in the news, in which among the following countries?

Nigeria

Myanmar

China

Maldives

Ans: (a) Nigeria

Explanation: Boko Haram is a violent Islamist insurgent group that has spread from northeast Nigeria to neighbouring West African nations of Niger, Chad and Cameroon in the Lake Chad Basin.

Why this question is important? In the 2000s, Boko Haram emerged in Nigeria as a small Sunni Islamic sect advocating a strict interpretation and implementation of Islamic law. The group, officially called Jama’a Ahl as-Sunna Li-da’wa wa-al Jihad, is more commonly known as Boko Haram, a nickname given by the country’s local Hausa-speaking population, because of the group’s call for rejection of Western education and culture that it viewed as un-Islamic—haram or forbidden—guided by Salafism, a conservative interpretation of Islam.



8) With reference to Single use plastics, consider the following statements


it will degrade (break down) into tiny particles after many years.

it releases toxic chemicals which make their way into our food and water supply.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation: Single-use plastics, or disposable plastics, are used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These items are things like plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, soda and water bottles and most food packaging.

Petroleum based plastic is not biodegradable and usually goes into a landfill where it is buried or it gets into the water and finds it’s way into the ocean. Although plastic will not biodegrade (decompose into natural substance like soil,) it will degrade (break down) into tiny particles after many years. In the process of breaking down, it releases toxic chemicals (additives that were used to shape and harden the plastic) which make their way into our food and water supply.

These toxic chemicals are now being found in our bloodstream and the latest research has found them to disrupt the Endocrine system which can cause cancer, infertility, birth defects, impaired immunity and many other ailments.

Why this question is important? More than 20 States and Union Territories have joined the fight to beat the plastic pollution, announcing a ban on single-use plastics such as carry bags, cups, plates, cutlery, straws and thermocol products.



9) With reference to Village Volunteers System, recently seen in the news, consider the following statements

It will take government health services to doorstep.

This scheme involves provision of one volunteer to cover 50 families in each village.

A honorarium amount will be paid to Volunteers.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

1 and 2 only

2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

Ans: (b) 2 and 3 only

Explanation: Village Volunteers System will take governance to the doorsteps of the people.

The programme would involve 2.8 lakh volunteers.

The volunteers will conduct door-to-door visits and provide the benefits under various programmes to eligible beneficiaries.

The volunteers will identify the problems being faced by people in their jurisdiction and take steps towards solving them.

Village secretariats would be set up in each village to deliver governance to people in 72 hours.

This scheme involves provision of one volunteer to cover 50 families in each village. Identity cards would be given to the volunteers and they would be given an honorarium of Rs 5,000 per month.

The volunteers would first identify the beneficiaries, get to know their problems and then delineate the schemes being provided by the government for them.

Why this question is important? The ward and village volunteer system has been launched in Andhra Pradesh.

10) ‘Shillong Declaration’ recently seen in the news is related to

Climate Change

Cyber Security

E-governance

BRICS

Ans: (c) E-governance

Learning Zone: 22nd National Conference on e-Governance adopts ‘Shillong Declaration’ with focus on Northeast.

The declaration has outlined the future trajectory that would be taken in terms of e-governance with a focus on improving connectivity in Northeast.

Why this question is important? The conference was an attempt to streamline e-governance services for effective policy implementation while helping to bridge the technological divide.


Jai Hind!

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