List of Important Missiles of India for all Defence exams

List of Important Missiles of India for all Defence exams

General Knowledge is very important subject of every competitive examination, defence knowledge is a keen part of this section. In this article we would be sharing the list of all Important Missiles of India that would help you in answering any question related to this topic. As CDS 2 2019 is approaching, at least one question is definitely going to come from this topic in General Awareness paper. Candidate should know about the missiles and their capability for the war.



In military language, a missile is also known as a guided missile which is a guided self-propelled flying weapon usually propelled by a fighter jet engine or rocket motor. Missile in ordinary language means an object which can be thrown, shot, or propelled toward a target.




Missiles have four system components:


  • Targeting or missile guidance
  • Flight system
  • Engine and 
  • Warhead. 




Missiles come in different types adapted for multi purposes:


  • Surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.)
  •  Surface-to-air missiles (anti-ballistic), 
  • Air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons missile

Here is the List of Important Missiles of India


Indian Missile Type of Missile   Range of the Missile
Brahmos Supersonic Cruse Missile (Fastest cruise missile in the world) 290 Km
Brahmos II Hypersonic Cruise Missile 300 Km
Astra Air to Air Missile 60 to 80 Km
Nirbhay   Subsonic Cruise Missile 1000 to 1500 Km
Helina (Helicopter Launched Nag) Anti Tank Missile 7 to 8 Km
K100  Air to Air Missile (Medium Range) 300 to 400 Km
Akash Medium Range Surface to Air Missile 30 to 35 Km
Barack 8  Long Range Surface to Air Missile 100 Km
Trishul Surface to Air  Missile 0.5 Km to 9 Km
Agni I Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile 700 to 1250 Km
Agni II Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile 2000 to 3000 Km
Agni III Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile 3500 to 5000 Km
Agni IV Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile 3000 to 4000 Km
Agni V Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile 5000 to 8000 Km
Agni VI Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile (under development) 8000 to 12000 Km
Prithvi I Surface to Surface  short range Ballistic Missile 150 Km
Prithvi II Surface to Surface  short range Ballistic Missile 350 Km
Prithvi III Surface to Surface  short range Ballistic Missile 350 to 600 Km
Dhanush Variant of the surface-to-surface or ship-to-ship Prithvi III missile 350 to 600 Km
Shaurya  Hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile 700 Km




India’s missile system serves a number of purposes in India's defence strategy. Fundamentally, its ballistic missile weaponry is a mean to deliver nuclear weapons to counter both China and Pakistan. The military requirement has pushed India to develop longer range ballistic missiles and to diversify its delivery platforms beyond mobile land-based missiles. In the era of modernization, India is developing ship- and sub-launched ballistic missiles, and has collaborated with Russia on cruise missile development to stand as a powerful nation.


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