Daily Vocabulary for Defence Exams: 10th April 2019

Daily Vocabulary for Defence Exams: 10th April 2019


Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. In the recently concluded Defence Exams, we witnessed that a major part of the exam was based on vocabulary. Many questions were vocab based and we can expect the same in the upcoming exams. It becomes very important to learn ample amount of words for the upcoming Government Job Exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List . Here is a list of words from daily Editorials. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list.

1. LEEWAY (Noun) : स्वतंत्रता
Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms: freedom, scope, slack, laxity
Antonyms: constraint, restriction
Example: The bond market does not allow any leeway to borrowers in repayment, and there is no reason why bank loans should be any different.

2. SLACKEN (Verb) : शिथिल करना
Meaning: make or become slack.
Synonyms: loosen, relax
Antonyms: tighten
Example: It is now important for the central bank to ensure that the discipline in the system does not slacken.

3. BELEAGUER (Verb) : तंग करना
Meaning: put in a very difficult situation.
Synonyms: bedevil, troubled
Antonyms: aid, assist
Example: The board is supporting the beleaguered director.

4. OBLIVION (Noun) : विस्मृति
Meaning: the state of being unaware or unconscious of what is happening around one.
Synonyms: unconsciousness, insensibility, stupor, stupefaction
Antonyms: consciousness, awareness
Example: The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013 is complicated. This could perhaps not be avoided, given that what was being attempted was a new and bold experiment to pull the anti-corruption campaign out of oblivion.

5. MODICUM (Noun) : अल्पभाग
Meaning: a small quantity of a particular thing, especially something desirable or valuable.
Synonyms:  particle, degree, speck, fragment, scrap, ounce
Antonyms: lot, whole
Example: his statement had a modicum of truth

6. APATHY (Noun) : उदासीनता
Meaning: lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.
Synonyms: indifference, unconcern, passivity
Antonyms: enthusiasm, interest, passion
Example: When people close their eyes to world affairs, apathy becomes dangerous because there is no one to speak out against injustice.

7. ASPERSION (Noun) : कलंक
Meaning: an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something.
Synonyms: denigration, defamation
Antonyms: adulation, commendation
Example: Casting aspersions on the neutrality of the highest judicial authority in the country is unacceptable unless one can prove with reasonable material that he acted in a biased manner in choosing the first Lokpal.

8. ARBITRARY (Adjective) : विवेकाधीन
Meaning: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
Synonyms: capricious, whimsical, random, chance, erratic,
Antonyms: rational, reasoned
Example: In spite of the cold weather, we made an arbitrary trip to the beach.

9. SURMOUNT (Verb) : विजय पाना या पार करना
Meaning: overcome (a difficulty or obstacle).
Synonyms: overcome, conquer
Antonyms: fail, lose
Example: Good teachers encourage students to surmount their challenges.

10. VIVACIOUS (Adjective) : ज़िंदादिल
Meaning: (especially of a woman) attractively lively and animated.
Synonyms: lively, spirited, ebullient, buoyant
Antonyms: dull, listless
Example: The young man drew attention as he entered the party due to his vivacious personality while he bounced around the room.

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