Previous Year Questions General Awareness for CDS & AFCAT: 31st January


Previous year questions must be prepared when it comes to the preparation of CDS & CAPF examinations. Defenceadda is providing you with the previous year questions of General Awareness
Section.


Q1. Which one among the following is not true of the Planning Commission? 
(a) It is an advisory body and makes recommendations to the Cabinet 
(b) It is responsible for the execution of development programmers and plans 
(c) It is responsible for formulation of a plan for the most effective and balanced utilization of the country’s resources 
(d) It indicates the factors which tend to retard economic development 

Q2. Which among the following statements regarding Lord Ripon’s plan for local self-government in India is/are correct? 
1. The district should be the maximum area served by one Committee or Local Board. 
2. The Local Boards should consist of a large majority of nominated official members and be presided over by an official member as Chairman. 
Select the correct answer using the codes given below 
(a) Only 1 
(b) Only 2 
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Q3. Which of the following features is/are contrary to the norms of a federal polity?  
1. Common All India Service 
2. Single integrated judiciary 
Select the correct answer using the codes given below 
(a) Only 1 
(b) Only 2 
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Q4. The Civil Liability of Nuclear Damage Bill, passed in the Lok Sabha on August 2010, does not make provision for  
(a) establishment of claims commission and appointment of claims commissioner 
(b) a liability cap of Rs. 1500 crore on an operator in case of an accident 
(c) a liability cap of Rs. 1500 crore also on the Government of India in case of an accident 
(d) liability of the operator even if an accident is unintentional 

Q5. In which of the following years was General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) absorbed into the World Trade Organization (WTO)?  
(a) 1991 
(b) 1995 
(c) 2000
(d) 2005 

Q6. Which one among the following statements regarding the constitutionally guaranteed Right to Education in India is correct?  
(a) This right covers both child and adult illiteracy and therefore, universally guarantees education to all citizens of India 
(b) This right is a child right covering the age group of 6 to 14 years and becomes operational from the year 2015 
(c) This right has been taken from the British Constitution which was the first Welfare State in the world 
(d) This right has been given to all Indian children between the ages of 6 to 14 years under the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 7-10): The following questions consist of two statements. Statement I and Statement II. You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these questions using the codes given below. 
Codes 
(a) Both the Statements are true, and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I 
(b) Both the Statements are true, but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I 
(c) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false 
(d) Statement I is false, but Statement li is true

Q7. Statement I: Adjournment is a short recess within the session of the Parliament ordered by the Presiding Officer of the House. 
Statement II: When the Presiding Officer adjourns the House without fixing any date or time of the next meeting of the House, it is known as adjournment sine die. 
Q8. Statement I: By a law passed by the Parliament of India in the year 2003, the people of Indian origin residing in 16 countries enjoy dual citizenship status. 
Statement II: This law enables them to participate in economic activities, cast their vote or get elected to various legislative bodies in India. 
S9. Statement I: The Fundamental Rights protect the rights and liberties of the people against encroachment by the legislative and executive wings of the government. 
Statement II: The Fundamental Rights guarantee the rights of the citizens. 
Q10. Statement I: The principle of equality before the law is not applicable to the President of India. 
Statement II: The President of India enjoys some special privileges under the Constitution of India.


SOLUTIONS

S1. Ans.(b)
Sol. The Planning Commission was established in March 1950 by an executive resolution of the government of India. The Planning Commission is neither constitutional nor a statutory body, it is the supreme organ of planning for social and economic development. It is not responsible for taking and implementing decisions. It is only a staff agency, an advisory body and has no executive responsibility. 

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. Lord Ripon’s plan for local Self-government in India is as follows: 
1. The sub-division, not the district, should be the maximum area served by one committee or local board with primary boards under it serving very small areas, so that each member of it might possess knowledge of and interest in its affairs. 
2. The local boards should consist of a large majority of elected non-official members, and they should be presided over by a non-official member. 

S3. Ans.(d)
Sol. India is a Quasi-Federal country because the Constitution of India is federal in nature but unitary in spirit. It has common features of a federation such as written Constitution, supremacy of Constitution, rigidity of Constitution, two governments, division of powers, bicameralism as well as unitary features like single Constitution, integrated judiciary and All-India Services etc. 

S4. Ans.(c)
Sol. The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill 2010 fixes liability for nuclear damage and specifies procedures for compensating victims. Clause ‘6’ of this act defines the share of financial liability. It states that the liability of an operator for each nuclear incident shall be for nuclear reactors having power equal to 10 MW or above Rs. 1,500 crores. An operator shall not be liable for any nuclear damage due to natural disaster, act of armed conflict, war, terrorism etc. 

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. 

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. The 86h amendment to the Constitution approved in 2002 providing free and compulsory education to all children age 6 to 14 years has been notified. It included Article 21 (a) in the Indian constitution making education a fundamental right. 

S7. Ans.(b)
Sol. ‘Adjournment’ refers to postpone the further transaction of the business further transaction of the business for specified time by the presiding officer of the House. Adjournment terminates the sitting of the House. Adjournment terminates the sitting of the House which meets again at the time appointed for the next sitting. Adjournment sine die refers to termination of a sitting of the House without any definite date being fixed for the next sitting. 

S8. Ans.(c)
Sol. The Overseas being Citizenship of India (OCI) scheme was introduced by amending The Citizenship Act, 1955 in August 2005. The scheme was launched during the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas convention at Hyderabad in 2006. Overseas citizens of India will not enjoy the following rights even if resident in India: (i) the right to vote, (ii) the right to hold the offices of President, Vice-President, Judge of Supreme Court and High Court, Member of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly or Council (iii) appointment to Public Services (Government Service). 

S9. Ans.(a)
Sol. Fundamental Rights guarantee civil liberties such that all Indians can lead their lives in peace and harmony as citizens of India. The seven fundamental rights recognized by the Indian constitution Aliens (persons who are not citizens) are also considered in matters like equality before law. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to certain restrictions. It protects the rights and liberties of the people against encroachment by the legislative and executive wings of the government. 

S10. Ans.(a)
Sol. According to Article 361, the principle of equality before the law is not applicable to the president of India because the president of India enjoys some special privileges under the Constitution of India. 

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