General Knowledge Questions for CDS & AFCAT: 28th December

Dear Students, Defence Adda is providing you all with this quiz on General Knowledge questions for CDS, AFCAT, CAPF and other Defence Examinations.

Q1. Who started the Saka Era, which is still used by the Government of India?  
(a)  Kanishka
(b) Vikramaditya 
(c) Samudragupta 
(d) Ashoka 

Q2.Where is ‘Ninety East Ridge’ situated?  
(a) Pacific ocean
(b) Indian ocean
(c) Atlantic ocean
(d) Arctic ocean

Q3.Dyarchy was first introduced under  
(a) Morley-Minto Reform 
(b) Mont-Ford Reforms 
(c) Simon Commission Plan
(d) Government of India Act, 1935

Q4.With what purpose is the Government of India promoting the concept of ‘Mega Food park
1. To provide good infrastructure facilities for the food processing industry
2. To increase the processing of perishable items and reduce wastage. 
3. To provide emerging and eco-friendly food processing technologies to entrepreneurs
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?  
(a) Only 1 
(b) 1 and 2 
(c)  2 and 3 
(d)  All of these 

Q5.National Renewal Fund was constituted for the purpose of  
(a) Providing pension for retiring employees 
(b) Social security 
(c) Rural reconstruction
(d) Reconstruction and modernization of industries 

Q6.A body starting from the rest moves along a straight line with constant acceleration. Which one of the following graphs represents the variation of speed (V) and distance (s)?  

 Q7.Glasses and plastics are  
(a) amorphous solids 
(b) supercooled liquids 
(c) Both (a) and (b) 
(d) None of these

 Q8.DNA is made up of  
(a) pentose sugar, phosphoric acid, purines and pyrimidines 
(b) pentose sugar, phosphoric acid and purines 
(c) phosphoric acid, pentose sugar and pyrimidines 
(d) pentose sugar, purines and pyrimidines 

Q9.Which one among the following I the ‘chemical knives’ (scissors) used in genetic engineering?  
(a) Polymerase 
(b) Ligases 
(c) Endonucleases 
(d) Plasmid 

Q10. ‘MALABAR’ is a naval exercise between India and  
(a) Singapore 
(b) US
(c) China
(d) Britain 


S1. Ans.(a)
Sol. It was adopted as the era of the Indian national calendar (also known as "Śaka calendar") in 1957. The Shaka era is the vernal equinox of the year AD 78.

S2. Ans.(b)
Sol.The Ninety East Ridge is an 5500 km long, north-south-oriented, submarine volcanic ridge in the eastern Indian Ocean that formed from magmatism associated with the deep seated Kerguelen mantle plume as the Indian plate drifted rapidly northward during the Late Cretaceous

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21). The principle of dyarchy was a division of the executive branch of each provincial government into authoritarian and popularly responsible sections.

S4. Ans.(d)
Sol. The Scheme of Mega Food Park aims at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers so as to ensure maximizing value addition, minimizing wastage, increasing farmers income and creating employment opportunities particularly in rural sector.

S5. Ans.(d)
Sol. The Government of India had announced to establish a National Renewal Fund (NRF) as a part of the slew of measures announced in New Industrial Policy of 1991.

S7. Ans.(c)
Sol. Amorphous solid, any noncrystalline solid in which the atoms and molecules are not organized in a definite lattice pattern. Such solids include glass, plastic. Glass is sometimes called a supercooled liquid because it does not form a crystalline structure

S8. Ans.(a)
Sol. Nucleotides can be further broken down to phosphoric acid (H 3PO 4), a pentose sugar (a sugar with five carbon atoms), and a nitrogenous base (a base containing nitrogen atoms). ... The nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides are classified as pyrimidines or purines.

S9. Ans.(c)
Sol. Restriction endonucleases are used to generate rejoinable DNA fragments. They are also known as molecular knives, molecular scissors, restriction enzymes or molecular scalpels.

S10. Ans.(b)
Sol. Exercise Malabar is a trilateral naval exercise involving the United States, Japan and India as permanent partners. Originally begun in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the United States, Japan became a permanent partner in 2015.

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