English Questions for CDS & CAPF: 7th December

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Directions (1-5): Each question in this section consists of a word or group of words in capital letters, followed by four words or group of words. Select the word or group of words that is most similar in meaning to the word or group of words in capital letters.

(a) Flatter
(b) Josh
(c) Restore
(d) Defer 

(a) Behead
(b) Decipher
(c) Deploy
(d) Delve

(a) Exclude
(b) Debar
(c) Enunciate
(d) Necessitate

(a) Compel
(b) Disfigure
(c) Absolve
(d) Twist

(a) Soothe
(b) Ruffle
(c) Forgo
(d) Cede

Directions (6-10): Each question in this section consists of a word in capital letters followed by four words or groups of words. Select the word or groups of words that is most nearly opposite in capital letters.

(a) Banality
(b) Truism
(c) Homily
(d) Profundity

(a) Solemnity
(b) Frivolity
(c) Mirth
(d) Hilarity

(a) Trouble
(b) Well-being 
(c) Depression
(d) Enervation

(a) Dodge
(b) Support
(c) Thwart
(d) Flee

(a) Blessing
(b) Secret
(c) Cane
(d) Monk


S1. Ans.(b)
Sol. Chaff: to make fun of in a good-natured way.
Josh: to tease good-naturedly.
Defer: put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.
Hence option B is the correct synonym.

S2. Ans.(a)
Sol. Decapitate:  to cut off the head of.
Behead: cut off the head of (someone).
Delve: dig; excavate.
Hence option A is the correct synonym.

S3. Ans.(d)
Sol. Entail: involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence.
Debar: prohibit (someone) officially from doing something.
Enunciate: say or pronounce clearly.
Necessitate: make (something) necessary as a result or consequence.
Hence option D is the correct synonym.

S4. Ans.(c)
Sol. Exempt: free (a person or organization) from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Absolve: declare (someone) free from guilt, obligation, or punishment.
Hence option C is the correct synonym.

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. Fluster: make (someone) agitated or confused.
Ruffle: disconcert or upset the composure of (someone).
Forgo: go without (something desirable).
Cede: give up (power or territory).
Hence option B is the correct synonym.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. Platitude (noun): an idea or expression that has been used by many people.
Banality (noun): something that lacks originality or novelty.
Truism (noun): an undoubted or self-evident truth.
Profundity (noun): characterized with intellectual depth or something abstruse. 
Hence Option D is the correct antonym.

S7. Ans.(a)
Sol. Levity (noun): a lack of seriousness often at an improper time.
Solemnity (noun): the state or quality of being serious and dignified. 
Frivolity (noun): a lack of seriousness. 
Mirth (noun): gladness or gaiety as shown by or accompanied with laughter.
Hilarity (noun): boisterous merriment or laughter. 
Hence Option A is the correct antonym.

S8. Ans.(b)
Sol. Malaise (noun): a general feeling of discomfort.
Well-being (noun): the state of being comfortable or happy. 
Enervation (noun): a feeling of being drained of energy or vitality; fatigue.
Hence Option B is the correct antonym.

S9. Ans.(b)
Sol. Elude (verb): evade or escape from (a danger, enemy or pursuer), typically in a skillful or cunning way. 
Dodge (verb): avoid (someone or something) by a sudden quick movement.
Thwart (verb): prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
Hence Option B is the correct antonym.

S10. Ans.(a)
Sol. Scourge (noun): a person or thing that causes great trouble or suffering.
Blessing (noun): a thing conducive to happiness or welfare.
Cane (noun): the hollow jointed stem of a tall grass.
Monk (noun): a member of a religious community of men typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Hence Option A is the correct antonym.

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