Military Creed: Honours & Awards


Gallantry Awards have been instituted by the Government of India to honour the acts of bravery and sacrifice of the officers/personnel of the Armed Forces, other lawfully constituted Forces and civilians. These gallantry awards are announced twice in a year - first on the occasion of the Republic Day and then on the occasion of the Independence Day. In this article, we will provide you with the complete information on the various gallantry awards given to individuals for a variety of services to the Republic of India. Order of precedence of these awards is The Param Vir Chakra, The Mahavir Chakra, The Ashoka Chakra, The Kirti Chakra, The Vir Chakra and The Shaurya Chakra.


PARAM VIR CHAKRA


Instituted on 26 Jan 1950, to recognize the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy.

Medal: Circular in shape, made of bronze, one and three eighth inches in diameter and on obverse, four replicas of "Indra's Vajra" with the State Emblem (including the motto), embossed in the centre. On its reverse, it shall have embossed Param Vir Chakra both in Hindi and English with two lotus flowers between Hindi and English.  The fitting will be swivel mounting.

Ribbon: Plain purple coloured ribbon.

Bar: If any recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of bravery, as makes him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of bravery shall be recorded by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended. For every Bar awarded, a replica of the "Indra's Vajra" in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.


MAHAVIR CHAKRA


Instituted on 26 Jan 1950 to recognise the act of gallantry in the presence of the enemy.

Medal: Circular in shape and is made of standard silver, and is embossed on the obverse a five pointed heraldic star with the points of the star just touching the rim.  Medal shall be one and three eighth inches in diameter.  The State emblem (including motto) is embossed in the centre-piece which is dorned.  The star is polished and the centre piece is in gold gilt.  On the reverse it will have embossed Maha Vir Chakra both in Hindi and English with two lotus flowers between Hindi and English.  The fitting is swivel mounting.

Ribbon: The ribbon is of a half-white and half-orange colour.

Bar: If any recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of bravery, as makes him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of bravery will be recorded by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the chakra is suspended. For every Bar awarded, a replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

ASHOKA CHAKRA

Instituted on 04 Jan 1952 and renamed on 27 Jan 1967 to recognize the most conspicuous bravery or some act of daring or pre-eminent act of valor or self-sacrifice otherwise than in the face of the enemy. 

Medal: Circular in shape, one and three eighth inches in diameter with rims on both sides and will be of gold-gilt.  On the obverse, it shall have embossed a replica of Ashoka's Chakra in the centre surrounded by a lotus wreath.  On its reverse shall be embossed the words "Ashoka Chakra" both in Hindi and English, the two versions being separated by two lotus flowers.

Ribbon: Green colour ribbon divided into two equal segments by an orange vertical line.

Bar: If a recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of gallantry as would have made him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of gallantry shall be recognised by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended and, for every subsequent act of gallantry, an additional Bar shall be added.  For every such Bar, a replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

KIRTI CHAKRA


The Kirti Chakra award for gallantry was first instituted on 04 Jan1952 as Ashoka Chakra class -II.  It was redesingated as Kirti Chakra on 27 Jan 1967.

Medal: Circular in shape and is made of standard silver, one and three eight inches in diameter.  On the obverse of the medal shall be embossed a replica of Ashoka Chakra in the centre, surrounded by a lotus wreath. On its reverse shall be embossed the words KIRTI CHAKRA both in Hindi and in English the versions being separated by two lotus flowers.

Ribbon: Green colour ribbon divided into three equal parts by two orange vertical lines.

Bar: If a recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of gallantry as would have made him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of bravery shall be recognised by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended. For every Bar awarded, a replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

VIR CHAKRA


Instituted on 26 Jan 1950 and awarded for acts of Gallantry in the presence of the enemy.

Medal:  Circular in shape and is made of standard silver, and is embossed on the obverse a five pointed heraldic star with the points of the star just touching the rim.  The State Emblem (including motto) is embossed in the centre-piece which is domed.  The star is polished and the centre piece is in gold gilt.  On the reverse it will have embossed Vir Chakra both in Hindi and English with two lotus flowers between Hindi and English wording.  The fitting is swivel mounting.

Ribbon:   The ribbon is of half blue and half orange in colour.

Bar:   If any recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of bravery, as makes him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of bravery will be recorded by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended.   Any such Bar or Bars may also be awarded posthumously. For every Bar awarded, a replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

SHAURYA CHAKRA


Instituted on 4 Jan 1952 as Ashoka Chakra Class-III and renamed on 27 Jan 1967 as Shaurya Chakra and awarded for gallantry, otherwise than in the face of the enemy.

Medal: Circular in shape and of bronze, one and three-eighth inches in diameter. On the obverse of the medal shall have embossed a replica of Ashoka Chakra in the centre, surrounded by a lotus wreath. On its reverse shall be embossed the words "SHAURYA CHAKRA" both in Hindi and English, the two versions being separated by two lotus flowers.

Ribbon: Green colour ribbon divided into four equal parts by three vertical lines.

Bar: If any recipient of the Chakra again performs such an act of gallantry as makes him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of gallantry will be recorded by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended. For every Bar awarded, a replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

Sleep peacefully at your homes, Indian Army is guarding the frontiers


No comments