Martyr's Diaries: Youngest PVC 2nd Lt Arun Khetarpal


Arun Khetarpal was born in Pune, Maharashtra on 14 October 1950. His father Lt Col (later Brigadier) M. L. Khetarpal was a Corps Of Engineers officer serving in the Indian Army and his family traced a long history of military service. He joined the National Defence Academy in June 1967. He belonged to Foxtrot Squadron and was the Squadron Cadet Captain on the 38th Course. Later on, he went to join the Indian Military Academy and was commissioned into the 17 Poona Horse in June 1971.
                                   
               
BATTLE OF BASANTAR, 1971

During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, the 17 Poona Horse was assigned to the command of the 47th Infantry Brigade of the Indian Army. Through the duration of the conflict, the 47th Brigade saw action in the Shakargarh sector in the Battle of Basantar. 

On 15th December, the brigade had captured its objective, although, it was filled with extensive mines by the enemy, preventing deployment of tanks of Poona Horse. The engineers unit had cleared the mines halfway when the Indian troops noticed alarming activity of the enemy armour asking for air support. At this critical situation, the 17 Poona Horse decided to push through the minefield. 

On 16 December, Pakistani armour launched the first of their counter-attacks under the cover of a smokescreen at Jarpal, targeting the ‘B’ Squadron. 2nd Lt. Arun Khetarpal, who was in ‘A’ squadron and was stationed close by, responded promptly, along with the rest of his regiment after the commander of the squadron urgently called for reinforcements. 2nd Lt. Khetarpal alone in charge attacked the incoming Pakistani troops and tanks taking down an enemy tank in the process. However, Pakistani forces regrouped and counterattacked. In the ensuing tank battle, 2nd Lt. Arun Khetarpal with his 2 remaining tanks fought off and gunned down 10 tanks. His final words over the radio to a superior officer who had ordered him to abandon his burning tank were: 

No Sir, I will not abandon my tank. My Main gun is still working and I will get these bastards.

16th December 1971, The fray however took its toll on 2nd Lt Khetarpal as he was hit by enemy fire, but he did not abandon the tank, instead he fought on. Then he set about destroying the remaining enemy tanks. The last enemy tank, which he shot, was barely 100 metres from his position. At this stage, his tank received a second hit and he was seriously injured. This brave officer met a hero’s death, trying to deny the Pakistani Army the intended breakthrough. His heroism gave the Indian Army a stronger position in the Shakargarh bulge. 2nd Lt. Khetarpal’s body and his tank “Famagusta” were captured and returned to the Indian army. On 17th December, 1971, 2nd Lt. Arun Khetarpal was cremated near Samba district and his ashes were sent to his family. 

Later 2nd Lt Arun Khetarpal became the posthumous recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military decoration for valour in face of the enemy.

                                       

FAMAGUSTA TANK

TRIBUTE
2nd Lt. Khetarpal is an iconic figure in the ethos of the Indian Army with prominent constructions being named after him. The parade ground at NDA is named Khetarpal Ground while the auditorium and one of the main gates bear his name at the IMA. 2nd Lt. Arun Khetarpal’s Centurion  Famagusta Jx 202 was restored after the war and is presently preserved in the Armoured Corps Centre and School in Ahmednagar. The Housing project of Arun Vihar in Noida was named after Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarapal PVC.


CITATION


SECOND LIEUTENANT ARUN KHETARPAL POONAHORSE (IC-25067)  

On 16 December 1971, the Squadron Commander of 'B' Squadron, the Poona Horse asked for reinforcement as the Pakistani Armour which was superior in strength, counter attacked at Jarpal, in the Shakargarh Sector. On hearing this transmission, Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal who was in 'A' Squadron, voluntarily moved along with his troops, to assist the other squadron. En route, while crossing the Basantar river, Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal and his troops came under fire from enemy strong points and RCL gun nests that were still holding out. Time was at a premium and as critical situation was developing in the 'B' Squadron sector, Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal, threw caution to the winds and started attacking the impending enemy strong points by literally charging them, overrunning the defence works with his tanks and capturing the enemy infantry and weapon crew at pistol point. In commander of his troop was killed. Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal continued to attack relentlessly until all enemy opposition was overcome and he broke through towards the 'B' Squadron position, just in time to see the enemy tanks pulling back after their initial probing attack on this squadron. He was so carried away by the wild enthusiasm of battle and the impetus of his own headlong dash that he started chasing the withdrawing tanks and even managed to shoot and destroy one. Soon thereafter, the enemy reformed with a squadron of armour for a second attack and this time they selected the sector held by Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal and two other tanks as the points for their main effort. A fierce tank fight ensured ten enemy tanks were hit and destroyed of which Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal was severely wounded. He was asked to abandon his tank but he realised that the enemy though badly decimated was continuing to advance in his sector of responsibility and if he abandoned his tank the enemy would break through, he gallantly fought on and destroyed another enemy tank. At this stage, his tank received a second hit which resulted in the death of this gallant officer.
Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal was dead but he had, by his intrepid valour saved the day; the enemy was denied the breakthrough he was so desperately seeking. Not one enemy tank got through.

Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal had shown the best qualities of leadership, tenacity of purpose and the will to close in with the enemy. This was an act of courage and self-sacrifice far beyond the call of duty.

Dead upon the field of glory, Hero fit for song and story. 

Sir, May your soul REST IN POWER.  

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