Operation Diaries | Indian Armed Force: Part 2


Indian Armed Forces have always contributed towards peace and regional stability. With a strength of more than 1.4 million active personnel and 2.1 million reserve personnel, Indian Defence is one of the strongest in the world. In this article, we will provide you an insight of the various operations conducted by Indian Army. Indian Army has conducted many operations, both in the country as well as in the foreign soil that too successfully with full josh. Indian Army is also a volunteer in United Nation Peace Keeping Forces (UNPKF). So far India has taken part in more than 43 Peacekeeping missions with a total contribution exceeding 180,000 troops.

OPERATION PAWAN


Operation Pawan was part of Indian intervention in the Shri Lankan civil war. Operation Pawan was the code name assigned to the operation by the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) to take control of Jaffna from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), better known as the Tamil Tigers, in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord. The period of operation was from 11 October 1987 to 25 October 1987. The location of the complete operation was Jaffna Peninsula, Shri Lanka. The operational parameters for the complete operation comprise:-
  • Seize/destroy LTTE radio and TV transmission equipment in the Jaffna Peninsula
  • Seize or jam the LTTE communications network
  • Carry out raids on LTTE camps, caches, and strong points
  • Detain and interrogate personnel manning LTTE offices in the East to gain information. In case of resistance, force to be used.
  • Actions to further consolidate the hold of the IPKF in the region
The then-new Prime Minister V. P. Singh ordered the withdrawal of the IPKF, and their last ship left Sri Lanka on 24 March 1990. The 32-month presence of the IPKF in Sri Lanka resulted in the deaths of 1200 Indian soldiers and over 5000 Sri Lankans. The cost for the Indian government was estimated at over 10.3 billion.

OPERATION MAITRI


Operation Maitri was a rescue and relief operation in Nepal by the government of India and Indian armed forces in the aftermath of the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. The earthquake occurred at 11:56 NST on 25 April with a moment magnitude of 7.8. Its epicenter was approximately 34 km east-southeast of Lamjung, Nepal, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 15 km. It is the most powerful disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake. The quake killed nearly 8,900 people in Nepal. India rushed with food and rescue to help the calamity-struck country by launching 'Operation Maitri' which saw Indian armed forces rescuing thousands in the Himalayan country.  The operational scope of the operation Maitri was humanitarian relief. India's response was started within 15 minutes of the quake. It started on 26 April 2015. The outcome of the operation was Rescue and relief operations ongoing, over 43000 Indians were evacuated, over 150 foreign tourists were evacuated and were provided transit visa to as many as 785 foreigners. 

OPERATION SURYA HOPE


Millions of devotees each year undertake the holy pilgrimage circuit of the ‘Char Dham’ comprising of Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath and Kedarnath along with Hemkund Sahib in Uttarakhand. The year 2013 was no different. However, very heavy rains along with cloudbursts on June 16 caused the rivers to swell and in a short span of time, led to unimaginable death and destruction. Operation Surya Hope is the name that Indian Army’s Central Command gave to its response in Uttarakhand following the June 2013 North India floods. The operation was conducted by Indian Army's Lucknow based Central Command. Surya or Sun is the emblem of the Central Command and features prominently on the Command's formation sign, and flag, which is probably why Central Command chose to name the Indian Army's largest humanitarian mission as Operation Surya Hope. This operation was commanded by Lieutenant General Anil Chait, (GOC in C) Central Command who was succeeded by Lieutenant General Rajan Bakhshi, on 1 July 2013. Over 10,000 troops participated in Operation Surya Hope. It was conducted in tandem with the response by Indian Air Force (IAF) (Operation Rahat), the Border Road Organization, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and other paramilitary forces under the Ministry of Home. Outcome- Officials confirmed that the disaster toll was 580 dead, and 5,748 missing (924 from Uttarakhand and 4,824 from other Indian states), and that a total of 108,653 people have been evacuated from the affected area by air and foot.

OPERATION MEGHDOOT


Launched on 13 April 1984, Operation Meghdoot operation was unique as it was the first assault launched in the world's highest battlefield i.e. Siachen Glacier. Operation Meghdoot (after a famous Sanskrit poem by Kalidasa) was the code-name for the Indian Armed Forces operation to capture the Siachen Glacier in the Kashmir region, precipitating the Siachen Conflict which is also sometimes referred to as Siachen war that was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. The contended area was nearly 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2) of territory. The operation resulted in Indian troops gaining control of entire Siachen glacier, giving India strategic advancement and also status quo. Siachen not only gives India opportunities to test the spirit and resilience of its own troops but also useful for Research and Development in various military disciplines. After this operation, India prides of sustaining its dominance on world’s highest battlefield, however, has paid a heavy price for it in the form of human costs.

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