Notable English Grammar Rules For Defence Exams

1. When two qualities of the same person or thing are compared, the comparative in -er is not used. ‘More’ is used for this purpose.
Incorrect – He is wiser than brave.
Correct – He is more wise than brave.

2. ‘Too’ means more than required and it is used with unpleasant adjective, so, we can’t use too glad, too happy, too pleasant, too healthy.
For Ex—
Incorrect – I am too glad to meet you.
Correct – I am very glad to meet you.

3. ‘Quite and All’ are not used together.
For Ex—
Incorrect – He is quite all right.
Correct – He is quite right
or
He is all right.

4. On, in, at are not used before today, tomorrow, yesterday, the following day, the next day etc.
For Ex—
Incorrect – He will go there on tomorrow.
Correct – He will go there tomorrow.

5. Say/ suggest/ propose/speak/ reply/ explain/ talk/ listen/ write is followed by preposition ‘to’ if there is a person in the form of object,
For Ex—
Incorrect – He did not reply me.
Correct – He did not reply to me.

6. A noun or pronoun governing a Gerund should be in the possessive case.
Incorrect – Please excuse me being late.
Correct – Please excuse my being late.

7. Double comparatives and superlatives should not be used.
Incorrect – He is the most cleverest boy in the class.
Correct – He is the cleverest boy in the class.

8. ‘At present’ means ‘at the present time’, ‘presently’ means ‘shortly’. There should not be confusion.
Incorrect – Nothing more can be done presently.
Correct – Nothing more can be done at present.

9. The preposition used after two words must be made clear if these two words are connected by ‘and’ or ‘or’.
For Ex —
Incorrect – She is conscious and engaged in her work.
Correct – She is conscious of and engaged in her work.

10. Much too is followed by unpleasant adjective, whereas too much is followed by Noun.
Much too + unpleasant Adjective,
Too much + Noun.
For Ex —
Incorrect – His failure is much too pain for me.
Correct – His failure is much too painful for me.
Incorrect- His wound gave him too much painful.
Correct- His wound gave him too much pain.

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