English Questions for NDA, CDS & CAPF: 11th August


Dear Students, Defence Adda is providing you all with this quiz on English Language questions for NDA, CDS, AFCAT, CAPF and other Police Examinations. One can attempt the maximum number of questions in the minimum time in the English Language section of defence competitive exams. If you have the basics of the important topics of English all groups, you can definitely score good marks in the upcoming defence examinations. Practicing daily with daily quizzes on Defence Adda not only ensures good marks in this section but also strengthens your chances of getting through the above-mentioned defence examinations.

Directions (1-2): Each of the following items has a sentence with a blank space and four words orgroup of words given after the sentence. Select whichever word or group of words you consider most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

1. Rama is _______________as MaryadaPurushottam and worshipped by Hindus in the north as an avatar of Vishnu, while some Tamil saints known as Nayanmars and Alwars composed many hymns and songs dedicated to his divinity.
(a)Despised
(b)Venerated
(c) Desecrated
(d) Piqued

2. Honey bees belong to the genus Apis and from an Indian ______________, the relevant species are ApisFlorea, ApisDorsata, ApisCerana and ApisMellifera. 
(a)Perspective
(b)Indifference
(c)Classification
(d) Ignorance

Directions(3-4) In this section, each item consists of a sentence with a word underlined and isfollowed by four words. Select the word that is most opposite in meaning to the underlined words and indicate your response.

3. The document was filled with words meant to obfuscatethe interested applicants who wished to apply for loans.
(a) Obscure 
(b) Garble
(c) Clarify
(d) Muddle

4. There was no vestige of remorse on his face for the crime he committed.
(a)Remnant
(b) fragment
(c) Relic
(d) Surfeit

Directions(5-6): In this section, each item consists of a sentence wih a word underlined and is followed by four words or groups of words, Select the word or group of words that is most similar in meaning to the underlined word and indicate your response.

5. According to the recent reports, the canine contagion cannot be passed on to rabbits. 
(a) Pestilence
(b) Remedy
(c) Medicament
(d) antidote

6. The incumbent CEO of the company is retiring this year.
(a) Reigning
(b) Past
(c) Future
(d) Optional

Directions(7-9):In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If a sentence is free from error, select 'No Error'. 

7.  She feels that (a)/I cannot imagine (b)/ what a space station (c) /would be looked like(d). 
8. She could make(a)/ him accepted her proposal(b) /because she was quite(c)/ familiar with his habits(d).
9. I took notice of(a)/ the big stone on(b)/ the road only after(c)/ my friend tripped with it(d).

Directions (10-12): In the following question the 1st and the last part of the sentence/passage are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the sentence/ passage is split into four parts and named P, Q, R and S. These four parts are not given in their proper order. Read the sentence/passage and find out which of the four combinations is correct.

10. 1. Not only drinking
(p)smoking
(q)But also
(r) is very 
(s) injurious
6. to health
(a)qprs
(b)pqrs
(c)spqr
(d) rpqs

11. 1. When the prince 
(p)princess he cried out 
(q)saw the
(r) that he had
(s) never seen such a pretty
6.girl before.
(a)qprs                                                 
(b)pqrs
(c)spqr
(d) rpqs

12. 1. SardarVallabhbhaipatel
P. by organizing and
Q. displayed his capacity
R. leading civil disobedience
S. as a capable organizer and a masterful leader
6. movements at various places.
(a) SRPQ 
(b) RQSP 
(c) QSPR 
(d) PRQS

Directions(13-15): In this section, look at the underlined part of each sentence. Below each sentence are given three possible substitutions for the underlined part. If one of them (a),(b) or (c) is better than the underlined part, indicate your response against (a),(b)or (c). If none of the substitutions improves the sentence, indicate (d) as your response. Thus a No improvement response will be signified by the letter (d).

13. The doctor anesthetized the cat which had beenwith great pain after having met with
an accident.
(a)which had been in
(b)who had been in
(c) who has been in
(d)No Improvement

14. If I leave early from office, I could have made it on time to the jam session.
(a) If I would leave early
(b) Had I leave earlier
(c) Had I left earlier
(d)No Improvement

15.His speech was optimistic, but at the end of it he stroke a note of caution.
(a) strike a note of caution
(b) struck for a note of caution
(c) struck a note of caution
(d) No improvement

SOLUTIONS

1. Option(b)
Solution: The correct word that should come in the place of blank will be ‘venerated’ which means to regard something with deep respect. All other alternatives fail to fit in the context of the sentence. Hence, the correct alternative will be option (b). 

2. Option(a)
Solution: The correct word that should come in the place of blank will be ‘perspective’ which means a particularattitude towards or way of regarding something; a point of view. All other alternatives fail to fit in the context of the sentence. Hence, the correct alternative will be option (a). 

3. Option (c)
Solution: Obfuscate means to deliberately make something confusing or unclear. Hence, the word that is opposite in meaning to the word ‘obfuscate’ is clarify. Clarify means to make something less confusing and more comprehensible. 

4. Option (d)
Solution: Vestige means a trace or remnant of something that is about to disappear or no longer exists . Hence, the word that is opposite in meaning to the word ‘vestige’ is surfeit. Surfeit
means excessive amount of something.

5. Option (a)
Solution: Contagion means contamination or something that is capable of being passed by physical contact from one person to another. Therefore, the correct synonym to the word contagion is pestilence. 

6. Option (a)
Solution: Incumbent means currently holding office or something that is necessary as a duty or responsibility. Therefore, the correct synonym to the word incumbent is reigning which means ruling. 

7.Option(d)
Solution: Whenever ‘Look’ is used for ‘seeing’ purpose or ‘get to know’ purpose then it is an intransitive verb and with intransitive verb we do not use passive form. For eg: She looks pretty and not she looked pretty. 

8.Option (b)
Solution: The error lies in the part (b) of the sentence. ‘Accept’ should come in place of ‘accepted’ as verb ‘Make’ takes an object or bare infinitive after it The correct syntax is make+object+V1.

9.Option (d).
Solution: ‘Trip over’ will replace ‘trip with’. For eg :Trip over something(an obstacle or hurdle               etc).

10.Option (a).

11.Option(a)

12 .Option(c)

13. Option (a)
Solution: if someone(animal, human etc) is suffering from pain or any problem , we use “in” to show that someone is in pain/trouble/problem etc.

14. Option (c)
Solution:if + had +v3, could/would/should + have +v3 or had + v3, could/would/should+V3

15. Option (c)
Solution: The main verb is ‘strike’ and its past participle form is ‘struck’ which should be used, between option (b) and (d), option (d) isis correct but option (b) is incorrect as it has an additional preposition ‘for’.



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